Survey Says USA Chicken Consumption Moderates As Per Capita Intake to Hit 92 Pounds
Americans report their appetite for chicken is still robust, although consumption levels have moderated and returned to those seen a couple of years ago, according to new research presented at the 2017 Chicken Marketing Summit in Asheville, North Carolina, on July 18.
Recalling behavior during the two weeks leading up to the survey, 84% of consumers said they ate a chicken meal or snack purchased from a supermarket and 67% ate a chicken meal or snack from a foodservice establishment. Both supermarket and foodservice outlet consumption numbers decreased, 3.4% and 6.9% respectively, and are now at parity with levels in 2015.
“The US Department of Agriculture projects Americans will eat close to 92 pounds of chicken per person this year, breaking last year’s record of 91 pounds,” said Tom Super, senior vice president of the National Chicken Council (NCC). “While consumers’ self-reported consumption is down slightly in the survey, the data show that chicken is still top of mind for consumers.”
Although past two week consumption has decreased somewhat, consumers’ taste for chicken shows no signs of waning. In the next 12 months, 21% of consumers anticipate eating more chicken from the supermarket and 13% anticipate eating more from a foodservice establishment. Consumers with the highest consumption levels tend to skew younger and be more ethnically diverse and live in larger households.
As part of the survey, which was commissioned by the NCC and conducted online by ORC International from June 5-8, 1,013 adults were asked to rank various factors on satisfaction and in order of importance. Regardless of purchase channel, the importance of freshness, taste and price rise to the top. Consumers are satisfied with freshness and taste, however satisfaction with price at supermarkets is somewhat lower.
Overall, the majority of consumers purchase uncooked or precooked chicken at the supermarket to prepare or reheat at home. While Gen-Xers and Baby Boomers are more likely to buy uncooked chicken to cook at home, Millennials are twice as likely as their older counterparts to buy pre-cooked chicken and eat it in the store.
When prompted, 69% of consumers were extremely or very concerned about food safety, and 57% about hormone/steroid use, and 55% about antibiotic use. Although still low, concern is growing about the time it takes to raise a chicken – 26% were extremely or very concerned this year while 19% were last year.
When it comes to reasons that consumers purchase chicken over other types of meat, its healthiness, versatility and convenience top the list.
Consumers are being exposed to media coverage relative to the care of chickens. Nearly three-quarters said they have seen articles in the past year and most of those would characterize the tone of the coverage as neutral or negative.
Consumers consider themselves to be knowledgeable about the care of chickens yet most have incorrect perceptions. In an exercise where they were asked to identify statements about the care and raising of chickens as true or false, the majority answered incorrectly for most statements.